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Nogging:

The German immigrants frequently used a clay and straw in-fill system in the walls of the half timber structures. Nogging is a historical method of masonry construction used as infill between wood framing. This method was used until about the early-1900s in the United States.

"Nogging" is general term meaning a functional filler in the walls of a building.  In log buildings (logs stacked on top of each other) there is usually split wood wedged between the logs, and then covered with a mortar-like clay/lime mixture to keep out moisture and wind. 

In the case of the Lutze Housebarn and many German style buildings there are rough split vertical staves wedged into the openings between the timbers.  Once made solid, they are hand packed with a mixture of damp clay, sand, and long and short straw. Then the surface is covered with the same clay/sand mixture without the straw  and troweled smooth.  Once dry (4 to 8 weeks) a final smooth coat is troweled over. Traditionally this is then covered with a lime wash, leaving the framework exposed in the traditional German fechwerke style.